Statement by H.E. Ms. Besiana Kadare at the Security Council Open Debate on Women and Peace and Security

Mr. President,

Albania welcomes this debate on such an important theme, and I would like to thank Secretary General for his report, as well as the briefers for bringing to this Chamber the perspective of the civil society.

Albania aligns itself with the statement of the European Union, and I wish to add the following remarks in my national capacity.

 

Mr. President,

 

We now have clear evidence that meaningful participation of women contributes to the success of peace talks, accelerates economic recovery, improves humanitarian assistance, helps counter violent extremism, and prevents human rights violations.

Since the landmark adoption of SC Resolution 1325, there has been significant progress and Member states have gradually integrated its principles and obligations into their national legal frameworks.

Nevertheless, a clear gap persists between achievements on paper and reality on the ground. Despite international commitment, the meaningful inclusion of women in preventing conflicts and negotiating peace processes is still negligible, and it is challenged by the lack of access to political and economic resources, as well as a predominantly masculine mentality of domestic and international politics. The facts speak for themselves: from 1990 to 2017 only 2% of mediators in formal peace processes were women.

In response, we need to strengthen our resolve and increase the cooperation between us, Member States, the UN and Civil Society, in order to impact change on the ground. In this regard, the “Women, Peace and Security Focal Points” Network and other concrete mechanisms such as the “Mediterranean Women Mediators Network”, where Albania is an active member, have a great potential to prevent and resolve conflicts through increased meaningful participation of women.

 

Mr. President,

 

Albania has made significant progress in adopting policies relevant to the empowerment of women, the political participation of women in all levels of governance and achievement of gender equality.

I am proud to announce today that last September, the Albanian Government approved its first National Action Plan for Resolution 1325.

With the support of our Dutch partners, UN Women and OSCE, we brought together not only the government stakeholders but also civil society and women’s groups, in order to increase ownership, legitimacy and sustainability.

While the adoption of the NAP is an important milestone, we are well aware that its implementation remains a challenge, especially in terms of financial support. In this context we will continue to work closely with donors and partners and will spare no effort in ensuring full implementation of the Plan.

In terms of women participation in political and public life in Albania, the percentage of women MPs is 29.3% (with 41 female MPs). Our current government, led by Prime Minister Rama, has achieved full gender parity with half of its members being women, including the Minister of Defense. In 2017, the number of women ambassadors increased to 26% and the number of Consuls to 33%, thus reaching the highest percentage ever of women in the Albanian Foreign Service.

Mr. President,

 

In concluding, we invite the UN to ensure that qualitative gender perspectives are integrated across all its activities. Albania strongly supports the Secretary General’s efforts and personal commitment to place women at the centre of the UN's conflict prevention platform, and also to achieve gender parity within the UN system. We do need a gender equal UN to achieve a gender equal world.

 

Thank you.

 

 

 

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