Shqipëria në Sesionin e 49-të të Këshillit të OKB për të Drejtat e Njeriut (28 shkurt – 1 prill 2022)

Sesioni i 49-të i Këshillit të të Drejtave të Njeriut ishte më i gjati në historinë e KDNJ, plot pesë javë. Përveç vështirësive të pritshme të krijuara nga situata e pandemisë COVID-19, mbajtja me sukses e sesionit ishte një sfidë e madhe për diplomacinë shumëpalëshe në kushtet e agresionit të Federatës Ruse kundër Ukrainës vetëm pak ditë para fillimit të punimeve të KDNJ49. Megjithë problematikat e njohura, KDNJ arriti të vepronte me shpejtësi në kushtet e kësaj shkelje flagrante të Kartës së OKB, të të drejtave ndërkombëtare të njeriut dhe të të drejtës ndërkombëtare humanitare, duke mbajtur një debat urgjent për situatën e të drejtave të njeriut në Ukrainë, duke krijuar një Komisioni të Pavarur Hetimor, duke emëruar anëtarët e Komisionit, duke përditësuar Këshillin mbi zhvillimet në Ukrainë – të gjitha në harkun pesë javor të sesionit dhe pa humbur vëmendjen për çështjet e situatat e shumta në agjendën e KDNJ49.
 
Për Misionin shqiptar në Gjenevë, KDNJ49 ishte një mundësi për të përforcuar pozicionin e palëkundur të Shqipërisë në mbrojtje dhe promovim të të drejtave të njeriut.
 
Shqipëria mori pjesë aktive në punimet e KDNJ49, ku, ndër të tjera:

  • bashkësponsorizoi 2 aktivitete të rëndësishme
  • bashkësponsorizoi 22 nga 35 rezolutat e miratuara
  • mbajti 16 deklarata në cilësi kombëtare, si dhe iu bashkua 29 deklaratave të përbashkëta me vende dhe aktorë të ndryshëm

Më poshtë, një përmbledhje e deklaratave në cilësi kombëtare të mbajtura gjatë KDNJ49:
 
 
 
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HRC49 – Urgent Debate on the Situation of human rights in Ukraine stemming from the Russian aggression
Geneva, 3 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Yesterday at the UN General Assembly, an overwhelming majority of UN Member States issued a resounding condemnation of Russia’s premeditated, unprovoked and unjustified attack on the people of Ukraine. Today, it falls to the UN Human Rights Council to act, to face the horrific human suffering in Ukraine caused by Russia’s unconscionable war, and to stand up for the principles and values of the UN and of this Human Rights Council.
 
The situation in Ukraine grows graver by the hour. Russia’s violence must stop. The last eight days have witnessed a tragedy unfolding in Ukraine, one of indiscriminate attacks directed against civilians and civilian objects, of rising death tolls and of millions of people’s lives upended, a human rights and humanitarian catastrophe of Russia’s making, with Belarus’s support. Those responsible must be held to account.
 
The resolution before the Human Rights Council is an important step in protecting the lives, dignity and fundamental rights of the people affected by Russia’s illegal aggression against Ukraine. Albania is one of the co-sponsors of the resolution and we urge all states to support it.
 
Albania is also one of a group of countries that have decided to refer the situation to the International Criminal Court, to investigate the illegal, immoral and unjustified violence against the people of Ukraine, and to hold those responsible to account. We owe it to the victims of Russia’s aggression: the people of Ukraine, and the international order that has served the people of the world since the founding of the UN.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 2: Enhanced interactive dialogue on the oral update of the High Commissioner on the situation of human rights in the Sudan since the military takeover (HRC res. S-32/1)
Geneva, 7 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania thanks the High Commissioner for the oral update and welcomes the designation of Mr. Adama Dieng as the UN Expert on Human Rights in Sudan.
 
The continuous protests in many Sudanese towns against the military takeover of 25 October last year leave no doubt as to the democratic aspirations of the Sudanese people and their legitimate wish to build their future in freedom and dignity through a civilian-led democratic government.
 
We are gravely concerned that, in spite of repeated assurances by the authorities to respect human rights and fundamental freedoms, violence and excessive force against peaceful protesters continues, including the firing of live ammunition and tear gas, arbitrary arrest and detention of civilians, activists and journalists, and cases of sexual violence, mostly against women.
 
We echo the call of the UN Expert on the authorities to put an end to the use of excessive force against protesters, to lift the state of emergency, to release all protestors and activists still held in detention and to ensure prompt and impartial investigations into allegations of human rights violations.
 
We also share the UN Expert’s concern about the impact of the political and economic crisis on the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights by the Sudanese people, in particular by the most vulnerable, women and children.
 
We will continue to appeal for an end to the violence and a return to the path of democracy and peace, as the best guarantee for the long-term stability of the country, and the region.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 2: Interactive dialogue on the oral update of the High Commissioner on the situation of human rights in the Tigray region of Ethiopia (HRC res. 47/13)
Geneva, 7 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
The joint report by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHRC) of 3 November 2021 was a shocking account of atrocities, violations and abuses perpetrated by all parties to the conflict.
 
The widespread gender-based and sexual violence, used as part of a deliberate strategy to terrorize, degrade and humiliate the victims and the ethnic minority group that they belong to, is a further indication of the brutality of a conflict that continues to cause unspeakable suffering for the most vulnerable, women and girls in particular.
 
Albania welcomes the appointment of the three members of the International Commission of Human Rights Experts on Ethiopia. The scale and seriousness of the violations and abuses committed by all parties reaffirms the urgency of an impartial investigation into the allegations of violations and abuses of international human rights, humanitarian and refugee law committed in Ethiopia since 3 November 2020.
 
As the humanitarian situation worsens by the day and what aid manages to trickle in is simply grossly inadequate, we echo the call on all parties to allow and facilitate unrestricted and unimpeded access to humanitarian assistance.
 
Finally, Mr. President, we wish to acknowledge the lifting of the state of emergency by the Government of Ethiopia, as an important step towards a negotiated resolution to the conflict.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 2: Interactive dialogue on the report of the High Commissioner on the situation of human rights in Afghanistan (HRC res. S-31/1)
Geneva, 7 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania thanks the High Commissioner for the report. We wish to reiterate our support for the High Commissioner and her Office, as well as other UN entities in Afghanistan. We also look forward to the appointment of the Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Afghanistan, an important mechanism to monitor the situation of human rights as it develops, and assist in protecting and advancing the rights of the Afghan people without discrimination.
 
The report today presents a grim picture of grave violations and abuses, including summary killings and enforced disappearances, as well as restrictions on the freedom of opinion and expression, the right of peaceful assembly, the right to participate in public affairs and civic space. Most disturbing are reports that Taliban leaders in Afghanistan are institutionalizing large scale and systematic gender-based discrimination and violence against women and girls, essentially attempting to erase women and girls from public life in Afghanistan.
 
Albania fully supports the report’s finding that the respect and protection of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of all who live in Afghanistan, regardless of gender, age or ethnicity, and their capacity to fully and equally participate in all aspects of the social, economic, and political life of the country are essential elements of an inclusive, stable and prosperous society. 
 
Afghanistan’s obligations under international human rights law remain unchanged, as does the obligation of the de facto authorities to fully comply with them – and that, should rightfully be the first benchmark to assess the Taliban rule in Afghanistan.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 3: Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief
Geneva, 10 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania warmly welcomes the Special Rapporteur. We thank him for the latest report, which once again shows how freedom of religion or belief is interwoven with core human rights principles and intersects with other fundamental human rights. And we support his continuous efforts to collaborate with a wide range of stakeholders, including Governments, international organizations, other UN special mandate holders, civil society and representatives of faith communities.
 
As the Special Rapporteur notes, conflict and insecurity undermine the enjoyment of many universal human rights, but they pose significant human rights challenges for many religious or belief minorities. A better understanding of the experiences of affected religious minority communities is a valuable tool to better protect and promote their rights during crises.
 
In Albania, we take pride in our model of interfaith coexistence and dialogue, and its positive effects on social cohesion, security, and peace. The recommendations in the report resonate with much of what we do, whether because of tradition or, increasingly, through a deliberate effort to better understand the challenges, so as to invest more in prevention, conflict resolution, and peacebuilding efforts.
 
Dr. Shaheed, Albania would like to thank you for your outstanding work in promoting respect between people of different religious beliefs, including those of no religion. Your reports and public statements, including this latest report on the rights of persons belonging to religious or belief minorities in situations of conflict or insecurity, will continue to guide us. We wish you all the best in your future endeavors.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 3: Interactive dialogue with Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders working against corruption
Geneva, 11 March 2022
 
 
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the report of the Special Rapporteur and reassures her of our full support on her mandate. We take good note of the findings and her recommendations to States.
 
We would like to appraise those countries, human rights defenders, and civil society activists, who fight for vulnerable and marginalized people, to join the others and live in normality, without discrimination of any kind.
 
Today our thoughts go to human rights violations in Ukraine, to the civilians killed, those displaced because of the war, the biggest waves of refugees, since the WWII. The aggressor should respect, at least, the international law and the international humanitarian law, in particular. Human rights defenders and media can play an important role in this respect in revealing, denouncing and recording any human rights violations in order to stop them and send such cases to ICJ and ICC.
 
We appeal to protect human rights defenders in Russia, the activists of the anti-corruption activists, as well as journalists and independent media there, who are faced with a lot of illegalities and life threat.
 
The same situation is in Belarus, as well. Repressive measures against human rights defenders, civil society, the opposition, do not help. On the contrary.
 
Albania notes with great concern the report alerts that some attacks on anti-corruption defenders are gender-based. We strongly oppose any defender’s violation for their work in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, who have advocated against corruption affecting their local communities. This cannot be tolerated.
 
The advancement of gender equality and the rights of women and girls remain Albania’s first priority at the Human Rights Council, and combating violence and discrimination, in all its forms, is one of our priorities in the Security Council.
 
 
Madam Special Rapporteur, 
 
Referring to the data collection in compiling the report, has resulted in only one contribution. My question is: which might be the instruments and the ways the Special Reporter may use in order to absorb as much as possible contribution from member states and other stakeholders in order to have e real picture of the situation and to build effective policies on them?
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 3: Interactive dialogue with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children
Geneva, 15 March 2022
 
 
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the annual report on violence against children of the Special Representative of the Secretary General and reassures her of our full support on her mandate.
 
Since September last year, Albania has the Minister of State dedicated to children and youth and renewed the National Agenda for the rights of the child 2021-2026. Through this is committed to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence, exploitation, abuse and harmful practices against children. Specific targets and measures are foreseen for the prevention and protection of children from sexual abuse and online abuse and exploitation, and the establishment of comprehensive and useful child protection system and services.
 
We note with great concerns and regret that the report mentions that violence against children has increased, and meantime become less visible and the pandemic has revealed and exacerbated social inequalities that were already affecting the poorest and most vulnerable children. Albania adopted last year a law for children in the care of the Republic and revised the economic assistance programs for the families and children without parental care.
 
Aware of that children faced most of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic through disruption of schools, activities, entertainment, services that rendered them more vulnerable to neglect, the year 2022 is proclaimed by the Ministry of Social Protection of Albania “the year of the children”. The government institutions have undertaken important programs as an investment for every child during this year, and of course in the future.
 
 
Madam Special Representative,  
 
In your conclusions you mention that “violence against children is a pandemic that undermines the realization of their rights and the prospects of achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. We do support your conclusions and call on that to overcome it must take a whole-of-government, whole-of-society approach, built around a comprehensive strategy and response mechanisms, for investing in better future.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue on the OHCHR report on the situation of human rights in Belarus in the run-up to the 2020 presidential election and in its aftermath (HRC res. 46/20)
Geneva, 17 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania thanks the High Commissioner for her report on the situation of human rights in Belarus.
 
The Belarusian Government’s denial of access and refusal to cooperate with OHCHR is deeply regrettable. Alas, it is in line with the approach of a Government that has abandoned any pretense to dialogue, but continues to brutally repress its own citizens for peacefully demanding respect for their human rights and fundamental freedoms, a regime that supported and enabled Russia’s premeditated, unprovoked and unjustified aggression against Ukraine.
 
We are gravely concerned by the violations identified in the report, including the unnecessary or disproportionate use of force against protesters, arbitrary arrests and detention, torture or ill-treatment, rape and sexual and gender-based violence, committed with the illegitimate aims of suppressing protests and the expression of differing political viewpoints. We equally deplore the systematic denial of the rights to due process and to a fair trial, and the systematic repression of civil society, independent media and opposition groups in Belarus.
 
As the report notes, the Belarusian Government is pursuing an active policy of repression to prevent truth, justice and accountability for the violations committed, violations of such scale and patterns, so widespread and systematic in nature, that may give rise to individual criminal responsibility under international law.
 
We thank the High Commissioner for the recommendations in the report. Albania reiterates the call on Belarus to abide by its international obligations, to immediately release all political prisoners, and to ensure justice for the victims and accountability for the perpetrators of human rights abuses and violations.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Islamic Republic of Iran
Geneva, 17 March 2022
 
 
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Iran and shares the concerns of the report on the human rights violations characterized by violence, intimidation, detention, torture, and systematic murder against all those who dare to oppose the regime, or simply for exercising their right to freedom of opinion, expression, association, and peaceful assembly.
 
We call for impartial and transparent investigations for all human rights violations and regret that no investigation has been carried out on the excessive and lethal use of security forces during the November 2019 protests. One of the most egregious examples in the context of peaceful protests during 2021 was the use of lethal force against participants in a series of protests that erupted in mid-July 2021 in over 20 cities in Khuzestan Province.
 
We share the Special Rapporteur's deep concern over the continued discrimination against women and girls in the public and private spheres, in particular on early and forced marriages and endemic unemployment, requiring profound reforms of the legislation relating to the status and rights of women, in Iran.
 
We join the Special Rapporteur in his regret that has been no development in the adoption of the bill on preserving the dignity of women and protecting them against violence. The persistence of discrimination against ethnic, religious and sexual minorities continues to remain very worrying.
 
Albania remains deeply concerned about the high rate of executions, including children, in violation of international law. We call for a moratorium on executions as a first step to formally abolish the death penalty and a ban on the execution for child offenders in all circumstances.
 
In addition, the report describes a deplorable situation regarding the conditions of detention in Iran, also aggravated by the Covid-19 pandemic. The arbitrary detention of dual and foreign nationals as a means to put pressure on foreign Governments remains of deep concern. Many of those arbitrarily detained have serious underlying medical conditions that have been left untreated, or health conditions that have significantly deteriorated.
 
On a final note, Albania regrets that despite repeated requests, the Islamic Republic of Iran has not yet granted access to the Special Rapporteur to visits the country and reiterates our position that Iran authorities must allow the Special Rapporteur to fulfill his mandate.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue with the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan
Geneva, 18 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania remains gravely concerned about the continuing and systemic human rights violations and abuses in South Sudan, including extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and ill treatment, pervasive sexual and gender-based violence, and widespread recruitment and use of child soldiers. The violence perpetrated along ethnic lines, the shrinking civic space, the ongoing repression of civil society and increasing attacks on humanitarian workers add to this concern. The deepening climate of insecurity across the country and the sense of impunity, including for conflict-related sexual violence, further undermine the prospects for peace and reconciliation in South Sudan.
 
Albania thanks the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan for their important work. The human rights violations and abuses documented in their reports are clear evidence that monitoring, reporting, and collecting evidence regarding alleged violations and abuses of human rights in South Sudan are vital to ensuring justice for the victims, accountability for those responsible, and a sustainable improvement in the human rights situation in South Sudan.
 
We appreciate the Government’s facilitation of the Commission’s mission in the country. The continued cooperation with the Commission on Human Rights is essential as South Sudan establishes all the transitional justice mechanisms provided for in the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan – the Hybrid Court for South Sudan and the Commission for Truth, Reconciliation and Healing in particular – and works to prioritize and realize its human rights obligations to the people of South Sudan.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic
Geneva, 18 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the latest report by the Commission of Inquiry and reiterates its full support to the Commission. 
 
Eleven years since the outbreak of war in Syria, the parties to the conflict continue to perpetrate war crimes and crimes against humanity and to violate basic human rights, inflicting unimaginable suffering to Syrians. The report again presents a terrible account of persistent, widespread and systematic violations and abuses by all parties to the conflict, in particular by the Syrian regime and its allies, following documented patterns of indiscriminate airstrikes and shelling of populated areas, killing and injuring civilians, sparing no one, not even children on their way to school.
 
The toll of the war in Syria is tragic, with hundreds of thousands killed, millions displaced, more than 100,000 missing or forcibly disappeared, cities and infrastructure destroyed, continuous gender-based violence and discrimination, and 90 per cent of the population living in poverty. It’s a despairing picture, painted by a persistent failure to respect human rights and international humanitarian law in Syria, and a determination to undermine accountability. And it’s a script which we see executed again by Russia in its war of aggression against Ukraine.
 
We welcome efforts by national courts to investigate and prosecute crimes within their jurisdiction committed in Syria, and echo the call to have the situation in Syria referred to the International Criminal Court. We reiterate our full support to the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism (IIIM) and the OPCW Investigation and Identification Team. No military solution will bring the horrors of the war in Syria to an end, but pursuing accountability paves the way for justice and the political process called for in UN Security Council resolution 2254.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Democratic Republic of Korea
Geneva, 21 March 2022
 
 
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Albania would like to thank the Special Rapporteur for his report and to express our strong support for the extension of his mandate.
 
We remain deeply concerned about the deterioration of human rights situation under further isolation of the country and on the arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and ill- treatment, and other forms of cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, enforced disappearance, and gross human rights violations in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea that, in many instances, constitute crimes against humanity, and about the impunity of perpetrators.
 
We reiterate that there can be no impunity for such violations and continue to support the Commission of Inquiry’s recommendation that the UN Security Council should refer the situation in the DPRK to the International Criminal Court.
 
Albania remains greatly concern on the aggravation of the food crisis and stricter control of people’s freedoms, of expression, religion and thought, freedom of movement, access to information and the practise of forced labour.
 
We share the concerns of the Special Rapporteur that the Government has failed to discharge its obligation to provide sufficient information to demonstrate its efforts to fulfil core economic, social and cultural rights obligations.
 
We urge the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to refrain from the use of deadly and other excessive force at its borders and elsewhere, to work with the international community, towards peace and denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula combined with proactive engagement on the human rights situation.
 
 
Mr. Special Rapporteur,
 
We strongly support your recommendations addressed to the DPRK to activate the maximum available resources, including through international cooperation, to ensure that basic needs are met, prioritizing the most marginalized communities, and allowing the return of United Nations agencies, other international organizations, and the diplomatic community in the country.
 
I thank you
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 4: Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar
Geneva, 21 March 2022
 
 
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the report of the Special Rapporteur on the human rights situation in Myanmar and shares the concerns of the report on the human rights violations characterized by arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment and of killings, particularly in a number of regions (Yangon, Mandalay, Sagaing, Bago, Magway and Tanintharyi) that seems to indicate that individuals have been targeted for their political or professional affiliation, or for exercising their political rights.
 
One year on, the people of Myanmar are still suffering from blatant human rights violations by their own army, who are attacking civilians, their property, livelihoods and religious sites, using sexual violence, arbitrary arrests and torture in their wake. These atrocities have not spared children. Women activist, human rights defenders and all other persons expressing opposition to the coup have been attacked, tortured or detained for participation in protests.
 
These brutalities are flagrant violations of human rights and international law; they need to be documented and the perpetrators identified and held accountable.
 
Albania remains concerns that the humanitarian access continued to be time limited, location specific, restricted in scope and subject to several layers of approvals, and the right to seek justice and obtain redress for past violations remained completely unaddressed and continued to negatively affect every aspect of daily life.
 
We strongly support the Special Rapporteur that the military authorities must cease all violence and attacks immediately against the people of Myanmar across the country, in line with the five-point consensus agreed by the leaders of States members of ASEAN at their meeting held in April 2021; and urge all parties in Myanmar to Cooperate fully with the Special Envoys of the Secretary-General and of ASEAN to develop the basis for a broad-based dialogue with all parties and stakeholders, including women, young people and minority community representatives.
 
I thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 6: Outcome of the Universal Periodic Review of Greece
Geneva, 23 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Albania welcomes the delegation of Greece. We congratulate Greece for its active participation in the UPR process and thank it for the comprehensive presentation regarding the recommendations received.
 
We are pleased to acknowledge that Greece has accepted most recommendations during its third review cycle, including the recommendation made by our delegation, to take steps to further prevent, combat and punish racist hate speech in the media and hate crimes, provide training on hate crime to law enforcement officials and the judiciary, and improve access to justice and access to services for supporting victims of racist violence.
 
We have addressed two other recommendations, namely:
 

  • to continue the efforts to improve conditions of detention, alleviate the overcrowding of penitentiary institutions, reform the immigration detention system and ensure that migrants deprived of liberty are treated both with dignity and humanity, and,

 

  • Guarantee in practice the equal and effective enjoyment of culture and use of language by all persons, including Albanians living in Greece.

 
Which we would like to bring to the attention of the esteemed Greek delegation in presenting its UPR and uphold in the framework of the bilateral consultations.
 
Finally, we wish the Government of Greece every success in its commitment to further improvement of the human rights situation on the ground.
 
Thank you.
 
 
*  *  *
 
 
HRC49 – Item 10: Interactive dialogue on the High Commissioner's oral report on Ukraine
Geneva, 30 March 2022
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Five weeks into Russia’s war of aggression against Ukraine, the death toll and human suffering continue to rise: more than 3 thousand recorded civilian casualties; more than 4 million refugees; more than 10 million people displaced; arbitrary detention and enforced disappearance of local officials, journalists and civil society activists; towns and villages razed to the ground; indiscriminate attacks directed against civilians and civilian objects: schools, hospitals, residential buildings; in Mariupol, the monthlong siege shows how Russia is using starvation as a weapon of war.
 
The brutality of Russia’s premeditated, unprovoked and unjustified attack on the people of Ukraine continues. This complete disregard for civilian life goes hand in hand with the willful violation of the UN Charter and every principle of international law, including international human rights and humanitarian law.
 
The people of Ukraine are enduring a living hell. Russia’s violence must stop.
 
We are grateful to the High Commissioner’s Office, the UN Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine and the many brave journalists and media workers for reporting on the horrific human suffering that Russia’s unconscionable war is inflicting on the people of Ukraine. This is a human rights and humanitarian catastrophe of Russia’s making. Its full extent may not yet be known, but those responsible for the international crimes committed following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine must and will be held to account.
 
Albania welcomes the appointment today of the three Experts of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on Ukraine. Their work is indispensable to advancing accountability in Ukraine.
 
 
Mr. President,
 
In previous sessions of the Human Rights Council, this Interactive Dialogue was dedicated to the human rights situation in Ukraine following the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol by the Russian Federation in 2014. The discussions today are a sad reminder of what happens when violations of international law are met with impunity and indifference.
 
I thank you.
 
 
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